CEO and Chairman of Bank of America, Brian Moynihan on the concerns about global slowdown. Experts say America’s growth will be 2 ½% this year with 3 ½% GDP growth. But that is down from last year so he discusses whether it’s a slowdown or a path to a recession.
Despite the country countering perhaps its longest ever government shutdown – resulting in a projected decrease of US GDP by $8bn in Q1 2019 – the Congressional Budget Office has predicted a growth in economy of 2.3 percent this year.
Still, that is a hit given that 2018 saw a 3.1 percent increase. Tax cuts and federal spending increase attributed to that growth. even though currently there are concerns due to the US-China trade tensions and concerns of an international economic slowdown, the fact that the CBO is predicting even 2.3 percent is good news.
In its Budget and Economic Outlook: 2019-2025 Report the CBO stated:
“federal revenues rise from 16.5 percent of GDP in 2019 to 17.4 percent in 2025 and then grow more rapidly, reaching 18.3 percent of GDP near the end of the decade. The projected growth in revenues after 2025 is largely attributable to the scheduled expiration of nearly all of the individual income tax provisions of the 2017 tax act.”
Still, the US economy cannot afford to rest on its laurels. according to a recent CCN article, America’s place on the world economic throne is likely to be challenged and:
“The United States will fall to a third place in the ranking of the largest economies in the world. China and India will overtake the U.S. by 2030, and it is unlikely that we will ever get the throne back.”
Where is the US economy headed? What impact will the global economic sphere have on this powerhouse region in 2019? In this article we take a look at what some of the experts believe will happen – economically and geographically speaking – this year.
According to Ian Bremmer, President of Eurasia Group (a company “dedicated to defining the business of politics”), the greatest geopolitical danger we will face this year will be:
“the crises we ignore… setting ourselves up for trouble down the road. Big trouble. The geopolitical environment is the most dangerous it’s been in decades … and at a moment when the global economy is faring well.”
Together with Cliff Kupchan, Chairman of Eurasia Group, Bremmer believes that the problem is how global decision-makers are ignoring potential future risks with their over-focus on everyday crises that naturally emerge from a leaderless world. This results in “serious consequences for our collective midterm future.” Examples of this include: the state of the EU, NATO, G20, G7, WTO, the Kremlin and Russia; US-China relations and more. Given that all these currents are extremely negative, this is extremely problematic.
But which country is causing the biggest negative impact? According to Matt O’Brien, a Washington Post contributor and business journalist, “China is more of a concern for the global economy than America. It encountered a huge benchmark stock index descent, ranking it the world’s worst in 2018. Some of this can be attributed to Trump’s embryonic trade war could significantly intensify but that’s only somewhat. The real issue was activity in Beijing. According to IMF reports, China’s credit stimulus has resulted in diminishing returns with a lot more new debt being used to pay back old debt or channeled into improbable growth-driven projects.
Still, Schroders Group Chief Economist Keith Wade anticipates a mid-year 3% US interest rate peak while some banks in other countries will continue the monetary policy squeeze. What will likely be beneficial to emerging market assets however, is the likelihood of the slumping US dollar.
It’s also likely that Eurozone growth will become sluggish due to the US-China trade war as well as a drop in GDP growth by .3%. it’s hard to predict the movement of emerging markets due to lower demands from the technology industry toward Asian business although that could be to the benefit of Latin America.
How are things going to look for the average Joe in the street in 2019 in America? Well, we can’t predict what is going to happen but herewith a few positive tidbits for money-savers.
Since close to 90% of Americans own cars (second highest number in the world) the fact that gas prices are going to decline this year is huge. This will be the first time gas has gone down for Americans since 2016. As GasBuddy Petroleum Analysis Head Patrick DeHaan said:
“2019 sets the stage for the first decline in the yearly national average since 2015, but before motorists drive for joy, it may be prudent to remind them that 2019 will still be the second most expensive year to fill up since then.”
The job market also continues to thrive. According to Moody Analytics’ Chief Economist Mark Zandi, unemployment figures are very low and are set to continue to drop in 2019. Indeed, the figures for December 2018 were just 3.7% unemployment (nationally), lowest they have been in nearly five decades. As well, there is a staggering amount of new job openings in almost all sectors. As such, it is anticipated that salaries will increase from around 3 to 3.5 percent by 2020. This gives employees the “upper hand” with their bosses.
When reviewing America’s economic 2018 report, it is important to focus on the year in its entirety rather than look at what happened in the last month of the year. According to a recent interview held with NPR’s Scott Simon, it’s important to know this:
“The numbers for 2018 are good. The gross domestic product is growing. The U.S. economy is humming. But the numbers for December are bad. The Nasdaq, the Dow and the S&P all ended down yesterday.”
The US economy remains on its decade-long growth spurt. It’s just that this month has seen some issues like: the partial government shutdown; continual drop in the stock market; increasing disarray in Trump’s administration; America’s trade war with China and more. Oxford Economics Chief US Economist Gregory Daco however sees that the main attributes required for growth have not been impacted and thus we will continue to encounter expansion. However, the stock market plunge could actually cause a domino effect with other issues.
So just because the economy took a bit of a nosedive in the third quarter should not put anyone into a panic. Growth remains on track to reach Trump’s 3 percent target for 2018 with a GDP increase at a 3.4% annualized rate (only a slight drop from the 3.5% October estimation). Still in the second quarter growth reached 4.2 percent.
Trump is blaming all of this on Jerome Powell and the hike in key short-term rate by the Federal Reserve tweeting that its officials “don’t have a feel for the Market, they don’t understand necessary Trade Wars or Strong Dollars or even Democrat Shutdowns over Borders. The Fed is like a powerful golfer who can’t score because he has no touch — he can’t putt!”
The US economy has undergone substantial change – vis-à-vis industries and approach – over the last five decades. For example, the industrial economy has undergone a huge abatement with the mechanization of a lot of the older industries. Consequently a lot of the industries have moved their businesses out of the country seeking lower costs.
The numbers speak for themselves. For example, in 1979 there were 19.4 million manufacturing jobs in America. Today, there are only 12.7 million.
So what has replaced this? According to Peter Temin, Professor Emeritus of Economics at MIT, a knowledge-based economy that he has dubbed “FTE”: Finance, Technology and Electronics. He believes that this is concentrated in specific areas like Chicago, Los Angeles and Seattle (Microsoft).
This is also known as the sharing economy – an economic principle continuously in flux. Referred to as “one of the fastest growing business trends in history,” it has encountered over $23 billion in VC funding investments since 2010. It uses technology to simplify the process in which goods/services are exchanged between two or more entities. The original idea is that there are enough entities/individuals who share values who can benefit from a skill/asset that is not being utilized to full capacity which occurs through a shared marketplace/peer-to-peer application.
The concept of the sharing economy is not a new one (rural communities lived that way for thousands of years;bartering; the kibbutz concept; communal living etc.). But with the Internet it becomes a lot easier and more accessible to the masses.
Yes the US economy is changing. But a lot of that change is just making life a lot easier and a lot less labor intensive for the average person.
The US has been a huge trade deficit for almost half a century. Last year the figure was $552.3 billion and America’s deficit just with China amounted to $335.7 billion. The question is, what impact does this have for America’s economy? Experts have different ideas as to where this ultimately leads and what it means vis-à-vis its imports and exports.
For the most part, the commonly held view among economists is that such a trade deficit has little or no impact on unemployment figures or makes any dent on the economy in a negative day-to-day way.
Especially when looking at the money made from consumer imports like apparel, mobile technology, appliances etc. Yet the question arises as to how it will impact the economy as travel and media are more utilized given that there was a $255.2billion surplus in that in 2017 as well.
Another argument could be made that America’s increasing trade deficit is actually more due to America fiscal policy and currency swings than trade policy.
According to Oxford Economics economists, there is little expectation that the trend will alter all that much with the recent agreement between Xi Jinping’s recent agreement to increase its US export purchasing. They pointed out:
“Although China has agreed to import more farm, energy and industrial goods, and restart importing soybeans ‘immediately,’ we look for export growth momentum to continue to wane,” they wrote, pointing partly to a slowing global economy.”
Plus the fact that it is getting even more expensive (increase from 64 percent of GDP in 2007 to 105.5 percent in 2018) to rescue America from its deficit.
So there is a long way to go until America is even on the road to recovery. It seems that with its greatest deficit in a decade, the fact that oil exports are on the rise will do little to temper the moods of the country’s economic advisers.
America’s economy is strengthening. And this is being matched by its length expansion as well. Indeed in May of this year, “the U.S. economic expansion has become the nation’s second-longest on record.” A lot of the country’s power is size-related – being one of the world’s largest countries vis-à-vis population.
Since the country is so large, its task of keeping its economy on track – even growing – becomes more challenging. But it seems to be responding to this situation extremely well. Just looking at figures for last month we see a creation of 250,00 jobs nationwide. Growth rates in the 2nd and 3rd quarters this year were 4.2 and 3.5 percent respectively.
Experts are even saying now that if there is still no recession by the end of June, this uptrend will exceed 120 months, outpacing the last huge expansion that occurred in 1991 for two years and breaking the record since 1857!
And then of course this has a cumulative effect worldwide. Workers outside of America that are manufacturing products sold in America benefit since global growth in general is extremely dependent on US economic cohesion.
According to Federal Reserve chairman, Jerome H. Powell, a lot of this good news is because of the successful work of the Fed. He said:
“I’m very happy about the state of the economy now. There’s pretty good reason to think we’re going to continue in a positive vein like that. Our policy is part of the reason the economy is in such a good place now. I want to leave on a note of optimism about our economy. We’ve been through a difficult time and we’ve faced difficult times before. We’re in a good place now. I do believe our economy can grow and grow faster.”
Numbers for the end of October show that there was a 3.1% increase in wages and salaries (according to the Employment Cost Index – ECI) and 227,000 jobs created (far exceeding the actual expectation). US economy clocked one of its best six month stretches in the past decade with growth up 4.2% in the second quarter and 3.5% in the third quarter.
Watch this for more:
The current state of the average American consumer, is, according to CEO at The Hershey Company, Michelle Buck a good one. Americans’ confidence in the economy is positive. Brian Cornell feels similar. As CEO of Target he sees similar activities to his peer Buck, purporting that the “consumer environment may be the strongest [he’s] seen in [his] career.”
One reason for this – Cornell believes – is because Americans are “seeing wages rise.” According to entrepreneur and investor Kevin O’Leary, it is the “small domestic companies” we have to thank for this. He said:
“Small domestic companies are the unsung hero of the policy that’s emerged from this administration.”
With a staggering 6.7 million job openings seen at the end of June 2018; a situation which has been described as “an unprecedented imbalance.” Indeed, as numbers from the Department of Labor show for the end of October, 2018 the amount of people receiving extended jobless benefits – 1.636 million – is the lowest since 1973.
O’Leary further explained that:
“We are having the best year ever — ever in the last decade,” O’Leary said. “The deregulation in the state and the municipal and the federal level has given confidence to these operators to do something they haven’t done in 10 years: to actually take out loans and invest in their businesses, and create jobs, and increase sales, enhance margins, scale up.”
Still, there is some cause for concern since there are currently 7.14 million job openings, which basically means Americans are not skilled enough (or too lazy) to fill these positions. So there needs to be some work on job training and career guidance.
The midterm elections and policy-making from now until 2020 could have a substantial impact on this.